Practice of Leech Therapy in Ayurveda-Siddha-Sowa Rigpa-Unani (ASU) System of Medicines: A Cost Effective Treatment.

  • Dr. Biswajit Dash Govt. Ayurvedic College, Balangir
  • Dr. Gayatri Pattajoshi Medical Officer AYUSH (Ayurvedic), Govt. of Odisha
  • Dr. Syed Mohd Abbas Zaidi Department of Moalajat, H.S.Z.H. Govt. Unani Medical College & Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Dr. Subin S Das Program Assistant (Pharmacovigilance) Siddha Regional Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Keywords: ASU Medicines, Bloodletting, Hirudotherapy, Leech therapy

Abstract

Leeches are used as bio-therapy, which is widely practised in Ayurveda-Siddha-Sowarigpa-Unani (ASU) systems of medicine in India and abroad. In Ayurveda, medicinal leech therapy is known as Jaloukavacharana, in Siddha as Attaividal and in Unani medicine. It is called Irsal-e-Alaq. Scientifically, Leech application is known as ‘Hirudotherapy’ or ‘Hirudin therapy’. In the ASU medical system, non-poisonous leeches are used for curative purposes and are considered as the most easy and cost-effective method of bloodletting. In the past 50 years, leeches have been used in reconstructive microsurgery. Currently, medicinal leech therapy is considered as an integral part of the armamentarium to salvage vascular compromised flaps or replants. During the 21st century, several clinical studies were performed in America, Germanyand India to demonstrate the holistic healing effect of leeches in the treatment of pain. Leech therapy is now officially recognized as a classic alternative therapy in some countries of Eastern Europe, Russia and Asia. It is practised in the diseases of phlebitis, osteoarthritis, hypertension and glaucoma. While in India,application of medicinal leech is considered to be the most ancient and affordable therapeutic procedure for the management of pain and skin ailments.This article aims on easy practice of leech therapy by the ASU practitioners as a cost-effective treatment method.

Author Biography

Dr. Gayatri Pattajoshi, Medical Officer AYUSH (Ayurvedic), Govt. of Odisha

Medical Officer AYUSH (Ayurvedic)

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Dash B, Pattajoshi G, Mohd Abbas Zaidi S, Das SS. Practice of Leech Therapy in Ayurveda-Siddha-Sowa Rigpa-Unani (ASU) System of Medicines: A Cost Effective Treatment. . IJATM [Internet]. 2021Jun.30 [cited 2022Jan.23];3(4):30-7. Available from: https://ijatm.org/index.php/ijatm/article/view/54
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REVIEW STUDY