Role of Medicated Ghrita and Taila Formulations in the Management of Stree Vandhyatva (Female Subfertility).
Infertility is the failure to achieve conception by a couple of mature age, having mundane coitus during the felicitous period of menstrual cycle customarily, at least for one year of their conjugal. Infertility is a common global problem. According to Ayurveda, Vandhya can be defined as the destruction of Artava (ovum). Having no Baby is described as Vandhyatva and Infertility in Modern science.
Ayurveda classics have mentioned various medicated formulae for Stree Vandhyatva. This review study aimed to ascertain the role of medicated Ghrita/Taila in the management of female subfertility. The different medicated ghee/oil formulations were compiled in Ayurveda textbooks as well as previous research works. Then categorized the medicated ghee/oil formulations according to the mode of administration and various etiological factors. Finally, all data were analyzed critically. In the present study, medicated ghee and oil formulations were compiled from nine (9) Ayurveda classical texts, seven review articles, and thirty-six clinical trials. Among the 14 medicated Ghrita the most commonly used Ghrita was Phala Ghrita while out of 11 Taila commonly used medicated Taila was Bala Taila. Basti was the most efficacious administration mode of Taila and the oral route was the best route for Ghrita. Among the clinical researches which were cognate to tubal blockage by utilizing medicated ghee and oil, 81.25% of tubal patency in Pala Kalyana Ghrita and Apamargakshara Taila Uttara Basti while 80% tubal patency in Kumari Taila. Results of the research of ovulatory factor revealed that Sahachra Taila, Shathavari Taila Uttara Basti showed 87% of ovulation occur and 62% of conception while Shathapushpa Taila showed 81.25% ovulation occur. Phala Ghrita Uttara Basti has been shown the best results than Phala Ghrita for infertility due to endometrial factor. Analyzed data revealed that Uttara Basti was the best administration mode for Stree Vandayatva. Some medicated Ghrita and Taila were founded in classic but so far, no research work was done. Hence, this review study is very useful to the management of subfertility as well as initially it will be helped to the future researches on Stree Vandhyatva.
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