Management of Ardhavabhedaka (Migraine) through Panchakarma (Five internal Bio-Cleansing Therapies).
Management of Ardhavabhedaka (Migraine) through Panchakarma.
Migraine is a condition marked by recurrent moderate to severe headache with throbbing pain that usually lasts from hours to days. It typically begins on one side of the head but may spread to both sides and is frequently accompanied by symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Some causative factors of migraine may include stress and tiredness.
It is the second most common reason behind cerebral pains and it usually affects around 15-20% of the general population worldwide. With the widespread use of over the counter medicines nowadays, the pattern of the disease has evolved and the medicine used, only temporarily subsides the symptoms, while the root cause of the underlying pathology remains untouched. Ardhavabhedaka can be scientifically correlated with migraine, due to its cardinal features of “half sided headache”. According to Ayurvedic Samhita, all the three Dosha (Regulatory functional factors of the body) are involved in the manifestation of Ardhavabhedaka, with the predominance of Vata (Doṣha responsible for movement and cognition) or Vata-Kapha Dosha (Kapha Doṣha responsible for regulating body fluids and keeping the body constituents cohesive). Management of these Dosha (Regulatory functional factors of the body) can be done through Panchakarma (Five internal Bio- Cleansing Therapies) like Nasya Karma (Medication through Nasal route), Abhyanga (Therapeutic Massage) and Swedana (Sudation Therapy). Recently, these therapies have been gaining popularity in the holistic treatment of Ardhavabhedaka (migraine).
In this study, a 39-year-old male patient was selected, based on the classical symptoms of Ardhavabhedaka. He was then administered Shamana Chikitsa (Palliative procedures) with selected medications, while undergoing Nasya Karma (Medication through Nasal route) with Shadbindu Taila along with Sarvanga Abhyanga (Therapeutic Massage) and Swedana (Sudation Therapy). After completion of the treatment course, considerable improvement was observed in the clinical symptoms of Ardhavabhedaka.
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