Ayurvedic Understanding of COVID-19 Pandemic and its Management.
COVID-19 pandemic is not absolutely unexpected and is of sudden occurrence. Nature has warned us several times in the form of calamities, disasters, and several diseases but we have never taken care of it. If we all would have taken care, we might have not been haunted by this horrible pandemic. Ayurveda describes causes behind the epidemics/pandemics and measures to get rid of them. Adharma( anti nature and unethical behaviour) is mentioned as the cause of such problems which again is resulted due to prajñāparādha (volitional transgression). Prajñāparādha is an inappropriate application of intelligence or decisive faculty. Adharma then results in abhiśāpa (curse) and abhicāra (tantric practices or black magic). Abhicāra may be understood as malicious practices to produce harmful chemical, biological or other types of weapons. Because of Adharma, the support from devatās ( pro-human celestial or divine forces) is lost, which results in environmental disturbances. (Caraka saṃhitā, vimānasthāna 3/20). The cosmic immunity is disturbed, as a result anti-human forces and creatures get opportunity to produce natural calamities such as epidemics (Janpadoddhvaṃsa). In Caraka Saṃhitā the description is limited to a janapda (nation) but when same phenomenon happens globally then it is pandemic which may be named as jagaduddhvaṃsa in Sanskrit. It is mentioned that improper positioning of nakṣatra (stars), graha (astrological planets), Candra (moon) and Sūrya (sun);inappropriate changes in quality and movement of wind and abnormal qualities in the seasons are indicators of upcoming epidemic or pandemic (Caraka samhitā, vimāna Sthāna 3/4). Suśruta saṃhitā adds the role of kṛtyā, abhiśāpa, rakṣaḥkrodha. (Su. sū. 6/19). Abhiśāpa is displeasure of divine forces as discussed earlier which results in loss of support of celestial forces. Usually, devatās or deities are natural forces that support us but do not take back anything like sun, water, wind, and earth. These natural forces favor us but if we indulge in adharma then their favour is withdrawn.
By review of Ayurvedic Classical literature, clinical observations on incidences, prevalence, peoples’ reactions, claims and discussion with scientists it can be concluded that Ayurveda helps in understanding covid-19 clearly and also its absolute management. Promotion of Ayurvedic principles of svasthavṛtta, sadvṛtta, learning to survive using the minimum available resources, protecting nature by avoiding misuse of its valuable gifts, promotion of holistic approach, promotion of rasāyana, promotion of periodic śodhana is needed to prevent, control and treat the covid-19 and also to manage similar happenings in future.
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